erori: Defense Resources Management in the 21st century

14th edition of the International Scientific Conference

Defense Resources Management in the 21st Century

November 7th - 8th 2019, Brasov, Romania


                 

                 




NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY „CAROL I”
REGIONAL DEPARTMENT OF
DEFENSE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT STUDIES



DEFENSE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN THE 21ST CENTURY


International Scientific Conference organized by the Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies

November 7th - 8th 2019, Braşov

NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY "CAROL I"
PUBLISHING HOUSE
BRASOV, 2019


Organising Committee:


PRESIDENT:

  • Vlad DUMITRACHE
    (DRESMARA, Romania)
MEMBERS:

  • Florin Eduard GROSARU
    (The Academy of Romanian Scientists)

  • Maria CONSTANTINESCU
    (DRESMARA, Romania)

  • Brîndușa Maria POPA
    (DRESMARA, Romania)

  • Liliana FILIP
    (Political Research Group, Romania)

  • Bogdan DRAGNEA
    (Global Agora, Romania)

  • Ileana TACHE
    (Transilvania University of Brasov, Romania)

  • Andrzej SOBON
    (War Studies University,Poland)

  • Jan DROZD
    (University Of Defense In Brno, Czech Republic)

  • Sergiu PLOP
    (Armed Forces Military Academy “Alexandru cel Bun” Chisinau, Republic of Moldova)
EDITOR:
  • Lecturer Brînduşa Maria POPA, PhD.
ISSN: 2248 - 2245 (CD-ROM)
ISSN: 2248 - 2385 (online)


SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE:

  • Gheorghe CALOPĂREANU
  • Teodor FRUNZETI
  • Emilian DOBRESCU
  • Ghiță BÂRSAN
  • Constantin – Iulian VIZITIU
  • Octavian TĂRĂBUŢĂ
  • Ioan Vasile ABRUDAN
  • Ileana TACHE
  • Mary S. McCULLY
  • Fahri ERENEL
  • Mustafa Kemal TOPCU
  • William BARTLETT
  • Eleftherios THALASSINOS
  • Jean-Pierre ALLEGRET
  • Andrzej SOBON
  • Tomasz KOSMINDER
  • Elzbieta Jadwiga SRYMASISKA
  • Agnieszka BRELIK
  • Ramona RUPEIKA – APOGA
  • Ebru CAYMAZ
  • Vladan HOLCNER
  • Igor SOFRONESCU
  • Svetlana CEBOTARI
  • Larisa PLOP
  • Ion ROCEANU
  • Alexandru STOICA
  • Stelian PÂNZARU
  • Virgil ENE-VOICULESCU
  • Vasile CĂRUŢAŞU
  • Liviu FILIP
  • Edith Mihaela DOBRESCU
  • Mărioara PATEȘAN
  • Anca DINICU
  • Ioan Gabriel POPA
  • Dumitru IANCU
  • Luminița GIURGIU
  • Daniel-Sorin CONSTANTIN
  • Dănuț-Eugeniu MOȘTEANU
  • Aurelian RAȚIU
  • BADEA Dorel
  • Lucian ISPAS
  • Cezar VASILESCU
  • Florin Eduard GROSARU
  • Maria CONSTANTINESCU
  • Aura CODREANU
  • Brînduşa Maria POPA
  • Cristina ANTONOAIE
  • Vlad DUMITRACHE

ARTICLES


OPTIMIZING HUMAN RESOURCES UTILIZATION

Abdulla ALHOSANI*

*United Arab Emirates Armed Forces, Abu Dhabi, UAE
Abstract
In an ever-changing world that is exponentially advancing towards dependence upon technology and science-based researches, it is common among organizations to look for the best combination between the cost associated with human resources and incorporating technology to achieve competitive advantage over peers. Human resources remain an essential element in conducting many missions and technology is not able to replace their role yet, hence, optimizing human resources role within the organization remains important to get the expected return on investment spent on them throughout their service life. This paper covers the areas of possible improvement areas where human resources utilization can be optimized and the tools to achieve that.
Key words
Optimization; Human Resources; Utilization; Productivity; Retention; Competitiveness;Development.
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CONCEPTUALIZATION OF A KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK DEDICATED TO THE SECURITY OF CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURES

LTC, assoc. prof. eng. Dorel BADEA, PhD*

*“Nicolae Bălcescu” Land Forces Academy of Sibiu
Abstract
The analysis of the proposed topic of the article had as working assumptions two tendencies with opposite directions from the point of view of the contribution to the sustainable development of the present society, namely, the exponential, quantitative and qualitative increase of the dimension of knowledge, as a process that favored in time the social transformation, respectively, the multiplication of the types of threats and the ways of their manifestation that ultimately affect the social balance. The activity segment chosen in this context for investigation is that of critical infrastructures (CI), a relatively recent field set from the point of view of knowledge management (KM) challenges and, at the same time, very sensitive to the desired state for the functionality of nowadays globalized society. The way of approaching the aspects specific to the stated topic is interdisciplinary, at the micro (operator and/or IC holder) but also macro (national and/or European IC system) level, the opportunities to identify possible solutions (4D structured - define, design, develop, deliver), being highlighted by the use of methodological tools of conceptual modeling, applied in the spectrum determined by the coordinates as is and are to be.
Key words
critical infrastructures, security, knowledge, modeling.
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A SEA OF TROUBLE. BLACK SEA SECURITY POLICIES BETWEEN NATO AND THE EUROPEAN UNION

Oana-Elena Brânda, PhD, Lecturer in International Relations*

*Titu Maiorescu University, Faculty of Communication and International Relations, Bucharest, Romania
Abstract
Although a nice leisure destination for summer hot days, the Black Sea is an incredible security landmark for both NATO and the EU. Situated on the eastern border of both, the waters of the Black Sea stem much trouble, when it comes to who is controlling them and who is benefiting from their resources. Being situated on the border of both NATO and the EU, this area has been the object of many strategies aiming to maximize its economic potential and enhance its role of stabilizer in the region. The Black Sea became part of the Three Seas Initiative and has its own Synergy, issued by the EU, looking forward to strengthen its position as an actor of its own within the international community. Despite a clear delineation of maritime borders, the Black Sea remains an object of dispute among the regional powers, looking forward to expand their control and influence over its waters.
The aim of the present article is double-folded. On the one hand, it aims to investigate the securityrelated matters surrounding the Black Sea region, while on the other, it will look at the main EU and NATO security policies concerning the Black Sea. The second part of the article shall focus on a compare and contrast perspective, intended to highlight the differences in perspective of the two organizations and their separate views in approaching the Black Sea area.
Key words
security, Black Sea, holistic approach, tailored forward presence, enhanced forward presence, NATO, EU.
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MILITARY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN THE ROBOTIC WARFARE ERA

Ebru CAYMAZ*
Fahri ERENEL**
Batuhan UMUT***


* Ph.D., Istanbul Aydin University, Istanbul, Turkey
** Associate Professor, Ph.D., Department of Business Administration, Istinye University, Istanbul, Turkey
*** Dokuz Eylul University, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Izmir, Turkey
Abstract
Today’s world is in the middle of a major revolution in the way the work is done. Unlike previous labor shifts, this revolution is led by the advanced technologies such as Robotic Process Automation (RPA) and Artificial Intelligence (AI). RPA and AI has opened up new horizons both for organizations and their workers. While repetitive and mundane work is performed easily by them, people can allocate time to focus on more strategic activities. Naturally, these revolutionary developments has taken the attention of military forces and started a digital transformation. In due time wars are expected to be fought with hybrid military forces. However the development of these hybrid forces will bring forth several concerns and human resources management is one of the most significant issues among them. In this study, we discuss different points of views to analyze these issues and challenges and try to put forth recommendations for a more modern military human resources management in the robotic warfare era.
Key words
Human Resource Management, Military Human Resource Management, Robotic Warfare, Human-Robot Co-working.
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THE BLACK SEA REGION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE GEOPOLITIC INTERESTS OF THE MAJOR POWERS

Svetlana CEBOTARI, Doctor habilitated in political sciences, associate professor*
Sergiu PLOP, Colonel, Rector (Commandant) of the "Alexandru cel Bun" Military Academy**


*Faculty of International Relations, Political and Administrative Sciences, Department of International Relations, State University of Moldova,"Alexandru cel Bun" Military Academy/ Chisinau/ Republic of Moldova
**"Alexandru cel Bun" Military Academy, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Abstract
The Black Sea region over the centuries played an important geostrategic role in the relations between the great powers. Currently, at the confluence of two Versailles culture and religions, the Christian and Islamic and many nations, the Black Sea is a space of both convergence and collision of the interests of the riparian countries, but also of the various international actors.
This article outlines the main interests of the great powers. Thus, the geostrategic, political-military and geo-economic interests of the US and NATO, the Russian Federation, and, incidentally, those of the EU are under investigation.
Key words
Black Sea basin; Russia; US; EU; NATO; geopolitical interest; geostrategic interest; geoeconomic interest.
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KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS (KPIs) THEIR IMPORTANCE AND USE IN EVALUATION PHASE A DASHBOARD APPROACH FOR DEFENSE RESOURCES

Muhammad Amir CHAUDHARY*

*Pakistan Air Force, Pakistan
Abstract
The age of information necessitates the assimilation of information at a very fast pace. Threat escalation and aggravation of situation is fast as tele and web based media unfolds the situations and molds the opinion more quickly than the press conferences of institutions. Defense organizations are no exceptions and are heavily being affected in the age of information overflow. Not only in contingencies and asymmetric warfare but combat ready status in peacetime difficult to be reached overnight. It is a systematic process of moving from conventional to modern data flow organization. Alone, database banks are of less use until converted into meaningful information. As the stocks and entitlement volume starts to increase, so becomes difficult the rational and judicious consumption along with adherence to adequate reserves level for optimum war potential. Defense Resource planning and accountability is a responsible regime as failures in conflicts have been often attributed in history for inadequacy of the rolling stock and failed logistic supply chains. The real time stock taking of defense resources can be achieved by spatial visualization of database converted into summary tables and graphical displays. As the consumption record is frequently updated in Enterprise Resource Management (ERP) web portals, the displayed status converted into Dashboards depicts accurate live picture of support commodities and war fighting potential. It also gives clues for economic consumption, prevent wastage and order replenishments in time considering the channels of supplies and shipment time periods. The Dashboards are evolved by the keen interest of end users and offer opportunity for executives and managers for quick glance at performance and evaluate the situation. Decision making matrices facilitate consensus. These ideas were crystallized during the presentations by the faculty and guest lecturers visiting DRESMARA. Lastly, the dividend that cannot be ignored is that realistic and accurate forecast is given for financial requirement projection. This results in austerity and diversion of resources for capability building. The Micro to Macro approach is essential to link field level management with strategic designs of higher command and control institutions. This paper is written based upon action research. Elaborate graphics are incorporated for on spot clarity rather than to rely solely at abundance of verbatim.
Key words
Key Performance Indicators (KPIs); e-Dashboard, Defense Resources, Goals / Objectives; Stock Management; ERP Worksheets; Interoperability; Graphical Display; Evaluation.
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